The final vote was 214 to 212 against the rule to allow the military spending measure to proceed. All Democrats also voted against it, given their opposition to the funding levels in the bill and numerous other provisions added by Republicans who say they need to eliminate a “woke” mentality from the military.
Representative Ralph Norman of South Carolina, one of the five Republicans who voted against the rule, said he was opposing all G.O.P. spending initiatives until he received a commitment from Mr. McCarthy that the House would return federal spending to prepandemic levels without any budgetary gimmicks.
“I want to have a real number,” he said. “I don’t want a smoke-and-mirrors number.”
The other four Republicans balking at the rule were Representatives Andy Biggs of Arizona, Dan Bishop of North Carolina, Ken Buck of Colorado and Matt Rosendale of Montana. All have said that the Republican leaders are not serious enough about bringing federal spending under control.
The outcome left Republican military backers in the House fuming.
“Our inability to bring this package to a floor vote because of these five individuals who decided to put their personal agendas ahead of the basic requirements of our troops is extremely upsetting to us,” Representative Mike Garcia, Republican of California and a former Navy pilot, said following the vote.
Representative Don Bacon, Republican of Nebraska, said the outcome showed that his party should begin to consider working with Democrats to find a solution to the spending impasse given the looming Sept. 30 deadline and deep resistance from the right. He called the holdouts the “dysfunction caucus.”